Orangeburg pipes (also known as “fiber conduit,” “bituminous fiber pipe,” or “Bermico”) are made of wood fibers, special water-resistant adhesive, and liquefied coal tar. Orangeburg pipes were a very common material back in the 1930s.
Builders used Orangeburg pipes because they were cheap, easy to cut, and weighed less than other pipes. Other than that, these pipes don’t come with a lot of good qualities. These pipes are known to fail in less than ten years. Because Orangeburg pipes are so weak, sewer cleaning solutions such as hydro-jetting can actually damage or destroy them.
Plastic (PVC and ABS) Pipes
In the early 1970s, PVC (polyvinyl chloride) pipes became the most popular choice for drain and sewer pipes. Plastic sewer pipes are simple to install, cheap, and easy to transport. They fit together tighter, and tree roots rarely get into the joints.